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Adv. US History: Chapter 15, Section 4

Douglas McArthur
– American general defeated in the Philippines
– recaptured the Philippines

Who said “I shall return?”
Douglas McArthur

Who is Enrico Fermi?
helped create the atom bomb

Who is Albert Einstein?
famous German physicist who wrote FDR a letter about how a bomb could be built and that the Germans were probably already working on such a bomb

What is the Manhattan Project?
May 1942
name given to the atomic bomb project

What is the trinity test?
(…)

What are the Enola Gay and the Bockscar?
planes (called ships)

What is the Holocaust?
German attempt to kill all European Jews by sending them to labor camps and death camps

What is Auschwitz? What happened there?
Jews were separated into 2 groups
One group sent to a labor camp and the other to a death camp (or gas chambers)

What was the Allied strategy in the Pacific in 1943-1944?
advance toward the Philippines from the SW and central Pacific islands taking Japanese-held islands along the way and then recapturing the Philippines and prepare for a final attack on Japan

How did Harry Truman’s decision to use the atomic bomb forever change the nature of international relations?
– made the cost of any war too high to contemplate
– the containment of small wars became a new goal

What was the date(s) of the capture of Iwo Jima and Okinawa?
April- June 1945
11,000 troops died

What was the significance of the capture of Iwo Jima?
scene of some of the heaviest losses and some of the most memorable American heroism

What was the date and significance of Leyte Gulf?
– October 23-25, 1944
– General Douglas MacArthur
– Japanese so badly defeated their navy was knocked out of the war

What was the date that the Philippines proclaimed their independence?
July 4th, 1946

What happened in March 1947?
a 99 year agreement was signed, giving the US military and naval bases in the Philippines

When did FDR die?
April 1945

When and where did the world’s first atomic bomb explode?
July 16, 1945 in Alamogordo, New Mexico

When was the fire raid on Tokyo? How many people died?
– March 10, 1945
– 100,000 people died

What happened on August 6, 1945 that changed the world of war forever?
– atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima
– 75,000 people killed instantly

What was the date of atomic bomb dropping on Nagasaki?
August 9, 1945

What does Holocaust mean?
Holo- whole
caust- burnt

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