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History Final Part 3

Hitler’s invasion of the _____ in June 1941 proved that he would consistently break agreements.
Soviet Union

Hitler intended to defeat Great Britain by

a massive bombing attack.
an aggressive use of tanks.
an attack on the air force.
a mass invasion of troops.

a massive bombing attack.

A “blitz” is different from a “blitzkrieg” because only a “blitz”

targets civilians.
relies exclusively on air power.
takes place at great speed.
destroys large portions of the country.

relies exclusively on air power.

At the beginning of WWII, what action by Winston Churchill influenced Hitler’s strategy?

Churchill gave inflammatory speeches.
Churchill prepared for war.
Churchill refused to negotiate.
Churchill failed to bargain honestly.

Churchill refused to negotiate.

Before invading Poland, Hitler reached a secret agreement with the _______.
Soviet Union

Which country was the last to join the Allied Powers?

Great Britain
France
United States
China

United States

Which best describes the policy of appeasement followed by Great Britain and France in the 1930s?

sending armed forces into Germany to force it to stop its aggression
forming an alliance with the United States to counter Germany’s alliance with Italy and Japan
building up strong armies and navies to stop Germany from making further demands
allowing Germany to take aggressive steps in hopes of maintaining peace

allowing Germany to take aggressive steps in hopes of maintaining peace

With which statement would Stalin and Churchill most likely agree?

War involves blood, toil, and tears.
War entails many months of suffering.
Victory must be attained at all costs.
Victory must occur on land and sea.

Victory must be attained at all costs.

Why were the British able to win the Battle of Britain?

Their radar equipment was effective.
Their leader urged them to keep fighting Germany.
Their air force was more determined and powerful than Germany’s.
Their spies kept them informed by sending secret messages.

Their radar equipment was effective.

What is the best definition of a “blitzkrieg”?

devastating airplane attack
rapid invasion by air and land
attack by multiple infantry troops
destruction of airplanes and tanks

rapid invasion by air and land

What caused Great Britain and France to declare war on Germany in 1939?

the appeasement policy
the invasion of Poland
the nonaggression pact
the surrender of Poland

the invasion of Poland

Great Britain’s success in the Battle of Britain and the Soviet defense of Russia proved that Hitler’s army could be _____.
defeated

In 1940, Hitler indicated his switch to military conquest rather than annexation by invading

Belgium and the Netherlands.
Poland and Russia.
Austria and Czechoslovakia.
Turkey and Sweden.

Belgium and the Netherlands.

Which country was a member of the Axis powers?

Japan
Soviet Union
Austria
Czechoslovakia

Japan

Which aggressive action did Germany take in the 1930s?

invading Great Britain
annexing Austria and Czechoslovakia
attacking Pearl Harbor
invading China

annexing Austria and Czechoslovakia

Why did Hitler most likely assume he could annex Austria and Czechoslovakia?

He believed his actions would prove him to be a great leader.
He believed that the Third Reich was the more powerful government.
He believed he had the right to be as aggressive as he wanted to be.
He believed that Great Britain and France would choose not to respond to his actions.

He believed that Great Britain and France would choose not to respond to his actions.

Why did the Soviet Union join the Allies?

Stalin was afraid of Hitler.
Hitler had broken a pact and attacked.
Hitler was becoming too powerful in Eastern Europe.
Stalin wished to take control of territories captured by Germany.

Hitler had broken a pact and attacked.

What was one reason the Battle of Barbarossa became a turning point in the war?

The German army suffered massive casualties.
The German army attacked in the middle of winter.
The German army was overconfident after defeating France.
The German army was weakened from fighting two countries at once.

The German army suffered massive casualties.

Who led Japan during World War II?

Adolf Hitler
Benito Mussolini
Hideki Tojo
Franklin Roosevelt

Hideki Tojo

In response to Japan’s aggressive actions in the Pacific in the 1930s, the United States

signed a peace treaty with Germany and Italy.
imposed an embargo on shipping war goods and petroleum products to Japan.
sent bombers over Japan in an effort to frighten that nation’s rulers.
embarked on a policy of disarmament.

imposed an embargo on shipping war goods and petroleum products to Japan.

Read these sentences from a famous speech made by President Roosevelt in 1941.

Yesterday, December 7th, 1941 – a date which will live in infamy – the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan. The United States was at peace with that nation and, at the solicitation of Japan, was still in conversation with its government and its emperor looking toward the maintenance of peace in the Pacific.
-President Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1941

To which event was the president referring?

the Battle of Guadalcanal
the Bataan Death March
the attack on Pearl Harbor
the Battle of Midway

the attack on Pearl Harbor

To win the war in the Pacific, the United States adopted a strategy called

massive retaliation.
appeasement.
island-hopping.
liberation.

island-hopping.

Which of these terms best describes the official foreign policy of the United States at the start of World War II in 1939?

aggressive
isolationist
militaristic
interventionist

isolationist

In a major blow to Japan, Allied troops returned to free which of these areas from Japanese control in 1944?

Hawaiian Islands
China
India
the Philippines

the Philippines

Where did the Bataan Death March take place?

Hawaiian Islands
China
Japan
the Philippines

the Philippines

President Roosevelt called December 7, 1941, “a date which will live in infamy.” Which of these definitions is the best meaning of the word “infamy”?

celebration
dishonor
fame
honor

dishonor

To continue expanding its empire, Japan needed large supplies of

cotton.
rice.
oil.
water.

oil

After their attack on Pearl Harbor, what did Japanese leaders do next?

They offered peace terms to the United States.
They tried to gain as much territory in the Pacific as possible.
They invaded the West Coast of the United States.
They sat back and waited for the United States to take action.

They tried to gain as much territory in the Pacific as possible.

Which statements describe actions taken by Japan before the Pearl Harbor attack that resulted in strained relations with the United States? Check all that apply.

It entered into an alliance with Germany and Italy.
It placed an embargo on imports from the United States.
It occupied French Indochina.
It torpedoed American ships in the Pacific.
It invaded China to gain control.
It allied itself with Britain and France.

It entered into an alliance with Germany and Italy.
It occupied French Indochina.
It invaded China to gain control.

Who was president of the United States when World War II started in Europe?

Herbert Hoover
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Harry S. Truman
Dwight D. Eisenhower

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Which of these actions did the United States take immediately after the attack on Pearl Harbor?

The United States ordered the evacuation of its citizens from the West Coast.
Congress voted to continue its isolationist policy.
American forces sailed to Japan and began to attack it.
Congress declared war on Japan the next day.

Congress declared war on Japan the next day.

Which statements accurately describe the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor? Check all that apply.

The attack did minimal damage.
The Americans were unprepared for the attack.
The Japanese occupied Hawaii after the attack.
The American Navy was severely weakened.
No American vessels were destroyed.

The Americans were unprepared for the attack.
The American Navy was severely weakened.

An official government order that limits trade with another nation to punish or pressure that nation in some way is known as

an act of war.
an embargo.
isolationism.
appeasement.

an embargo.

Which contributed to the Battle of Stalingrad becoming a turning point in the war? Check all that apply.

German brutality toward the Allies
an extensive loss of German soldiers
exhausted German supplies
the end of the German advance
the battle ending in a draw

an extensive loss of German soldiers
exhausted German supplies
the end of the German advance

How did the Soviet’s win at Stalingrad help advance the Allies’ Europe First strategy?

It prompted several Axis countries in Eastern Europe to switch their allegiance.
It enabled the Soviets to push the eastern front toward Germany.
It consolidated Soviet power in Russia.
It removed the German threat on the war’s eastern front.

It enabled the Soviets to push the eastern front toward Germany.

Which strategies did the United States employ in order to achieve victory in the Pacific? Check all that apply.

guerrilla warfare
island-hopping
chemical warfare
bombing
recruitment of local soldiers

island-hopping
bombing

How do the terms Omaha, Sword, and Utah relate to the Battle of Normandy?

They are code names for the American, Canadian, and British troops.
They are code names for the sections of Normandy Beach that were attacked.
They stand for three types of weaponry that would be used in battle.
They are the names of three ships that brought troops to the beach.

They are code names for the sections of Normandy Beach that were attacked.

Which most contributed to the Battle of Stalingrad becoming a turning point in the war?

The battle marked the beginning of Germany’s victory.
The German army exhausted all of their supplies.
The battle marked the end of Germany’s advancement.
The German army gained hundreds of additional soldiers.

The German army exhausted all of their supplies.

Did D-Day ultimately end German ambitions in Europe?

Yes, German leaders surrendered shortly after the D-Day invasion.
No, the Germans continued fighting and attempted offensive measures.
Yes, D-Day weakened German forces, who abandoned the military en masse.
No, the Germans had a steady supply of young soldiers to continue the fight.

No, the Germans continued fighting and attempted offensive measures.

Which best describes why Iwo Jima was significant in U.S. attempts to reach Japan?

The island had airfields that the U.S. military needed.
The island had long-range anti-aircraft missiles.
The island was home to Japan’s naval fleet.
The island had natural resources that the Japanese military needed.

The island had airfields that the U.S. military needed.

Which battle or event caused the most Japanese casualties?

the Battle of Iwo Jima
the bombing of Hiroshima
the bombing of Nagasaki
the Battle of Okinawa

the Battle of Okinawa

Which best explains why the Allies employed the Europe First strategy during World War II?

Japan was a greater threat than Germany to the Allies.
Japan received military assistance from Germany, so the Allies needed to defeat Germany first.
The Allies wanted to ensure that Germany did not continue to conquer European territory.
The Allies needed Japan’s vast stockpile of weapons to defeat Germany.

The Allies wanted to ensure that Germany did not continue to conquer European territory.

The most likely reason why President Truman ordered the atomic bomb dropped on Japan was to

show US military strength.
force Japan to surrender to the Allies.
guarantee a US victory.
prevent the Soviet invasion of Japan.

force Japan to surrender to the Allies.

How did the Allied victory in WWII change the world? Check all that apply.

It created new peacemaking groups.
It started a nuclear arms race.
It destroyed American-German relations.
It ended the era of atomic weapons.
It led to the Cold War.

It created new peacemaking groups.
It started a nuclear arms race.
It led to the Cold War.

Why was the battle of El Alamein significant?

The Allies defeated a major German commander.
The German army defeated the Allies severely.
It allowed Allied troops access to Egypt.
It served as the turning point of World War II.

The Allies defeated a major German commander.

Who was the Supreme Allied Commander in Europe during World War II?

Dwight D. Eisenhower
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Winston Churchill
Charles de Gaulle

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Which is true about the battle of Iwo Jima?

Allies were able to capture almost all of the Japanese soldiers.
About 31,000 American troops were killed.
Allies killed almost all of the Japanese soldiers.
Almost all American troops were captured.

About 31,000 American troops were killed.

When the United States dropped atomic bombs on Japan, it triggered the start of a _______ race between the United States and the Soviet Union. This was a key issue during the Cold War.
Nuclear arms

Which best describes why the United States dropped two atomic bombs on Japan?

The second bomb was aimed at Japan’s largest munitions factory.
Japan refused to surrender after the first bomb was dropped.
The United States wanted to cause as much damage as possible.
The bombs worked in conjunction with each other.

Japan refused to surrender after the first bomb was dropped.

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