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The battle of Midway was the first victory of the Americans and the beginning of the downfall of the Japanese during World War II. After Japan’s victory at Pearl Harbor, Germany declared war on the United States. This caused the United States to strengthen their defense by producing planes, tanks and ships at a quick rate. When the Japanese headed for Midway in June 1942, they were taken aback with the destruction of four of their aircraft carriers. The United States had broken the Japanese naval code and was ready for their attack. This battle was cause for the loss of a lot of Japan’s power, thanks to the United States.
In August 1942, Hitler decided to invade Stalingrad, an industrial center that would give him command of crucial rail transportation. But the Russians, both soldiers and residents, fought for every bit of their land. In February 1943, the Germans surrendered after 260 000 were killed and 110 000 taken prisoner. This battle, with the battle of Kursk, gave the Russians power and initiative.
In October 1942, the Germans attacked the British stationed at El Alamein, with the goal of stopping the British advance and conquering Egypt. The British Eighth Army stopped Rommel and his German army and defeated the Germans and Italians in northern Africa.
On June 6, 1944, the allies had collected two million men and five thousand vessels for their invasion of Normandy. They landed on the beaches and made their way inland, battling German resistance troops on the way. By mid-August, Paris was liberated after uprising against the Germans. In a strategic sense, the successful invasion in Normandy was a psychological blow to the German occupation of Europe. It called into question the German Army’s ability to control western Europe, increased inhabitant’s activity against enemies’ occupation, and motivated the spirits of all those fighting against Nazi domination.
I think these battles all had a huge influence on the outcome of the war because they were all ally victories that caused huge breakthroughs with different areas and peoples involved in the war. The battle of Midway was Japan’s first major loss during the war, and it gave the United States the upper hand in their pacific battle against Japan.
Stalingrad lowered the Germans’ morale and made them realize they were up against more than they had thought. If the Germans had won at El Alamein, they would have gained access to a lot of oil fields as well as the Suez Canal, giving them a lot more power. The British stopped this, lowering the Germans’ morale even more. The Americans’ invasion of the beaches of Normandy on D-Day gave them access to a lot of territory being controlled by the Germans, and caught the Germans off-guard, giving them the final blow to their spirits. This and the other battles are what eventually ended the holocaust.